Kumis (likewise spelled kumiss or koumiss or kumys, see different transliterations and related words underneath under phrasing and historical background - Kazakh: Қымыз, qımız) is a matured dairy item customarily produced using female horse's drain. The drink stays essential to the people groups of the Central Asian steppes, of Huno-Bulgar, Turkic and Mongol cause: Kazakhs, Bashkirs, Kalmyks, Kyrgyz, Mongols, and Yakuts.
Kumis is a dairy item like kefir, however is delivered from a fluid starter culture, as opposed to the strong kefir "grains". Since female horse's drain contains a bigger number of sugars than dairy animals' or goat's drain, when matured, kumis has a higher, however still gentle, liquor content contrasted with kefir.
Indeed, even in the regions of the world where kumis is well known today, horse's drain remains an exceptionally restricted ware. Mechanical scale creation, subsequently, by and large uses dairy animals' drain, which is wealthier in fat and protein, yet bring down in lactose than the drain from a stallion. Before aging, the dairy animals' drain is invigorated in one of a few ways. Sucrose might be added to permit an equivalent aging. Another procedure adds altered whey to better rough the piece of female horse's milk.
A 1982 source detailed 230,000 stallions were kept in the Soviet Union particularly to produce drain to make into kumis. Rinchingiin Indra, expounding on Mongolian dairying, says "it takes extensive expertise to drain a horse" and depicts the procedure: the milker stoops on one knee, with a bucket propped on the other, steadied by a string fixing to an arm. One arm is wrapped behind the female horse's back leg and the other in front. A foal begins the drain stream and is pulled away by someone else, yet left touching the female horse's side amid the whole process.
In Mongolia, the draining season for stallions customarily keeps running between mid-June and early October. Amid one season, a horse creates roughly 1,000 to 1,200 liters of drain, of which about half is left to the foals.